Landforms are natural features of the Earth's surface, such as mountains, valleys, plains, and plateaus. They are formed by a combination of processes, including erosion, volcanic activity, and tectonic plate movement.


Landforms are the physical features of the Earth’s surface, including mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, hills, and other features. They are created by a variety of processes, including erosion, tectonic activity, and volcanic activity. Landforms can be divided into two main categories: erosional landforms and depositional landforms.

Erosional landforms are created by the action of wind, water, and ice. Wind can create sand dunes, while water can create canyons, gorges, and waterfalls. Glaciers can create U-shaped valleys, cirques, and moraines.

Depositional landforms are created when sediment is deposited by wind, water, or ice. Examples of depositional landforms include deltas, beaches, and sandbars.

Landforms can also be divided into two other categories: landforms created by tectonic activity and landforms created by volcanic activity. Tectonic activity can create mountains, ridges, and plateaus. Volcanic activity can create cinder cones, lava flows, and calderas.

Landforms can be studied in a variety of ways, including geomorphology, which is the study of landforms and their origins. Geomorphology can help us understand the history of the Earth’s surface and how it has changed over time. It can also help us understand how landforms are affected by climate change and other environmental factors.

Landforms are an important part of the Earth’s surface and can provide us with valuable information about the Earth’s history and its current state. By studying landforms, we can gain a better understanding of the Earth’s surface and how it has changed over time.